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by Bronislaw Malinowski

eBook Scientific Theory of Culture (Galaxy Books) download ISBN: 0195004590
Author: Bronislaw Malinowski
Publisher: Oxford University Press (December 1960)
Language: English
Pages: 240
ePub: 1149 kb
Fb2: 1497 kb
Rating: 4.9
Other formats: doc txt lrf lrf
Category: Political
Subcategory: Anthropology

This book turned his interest to ethnology, which he pursued at the . Malinowski, B. (1944). A Scientific Theory of Culture and Others Essays. Man and Culture: An Evaluation of the Work of Bronislaw Malinowski. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

This book turned his interest to ethnology, which he pursued at the University of Leipzig, where he studied under economist Karl Bücher and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt. In 1910, he went to England, studying at the London School of Economics under C. G. Seligman and Edvard Westermarck. Chapel Hill, N. Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press. (1947).

This vintage text contains three essays by Bronislaw Malinowski on the theory of functionalism. The first essay stipulates that anthropology can be viewed in a scientific manner, and offers insights into culture, human nature, and the ideal object of study. The other essays in this collection further explore functionalism and analyse the work and influence of Sir James Frazer on the field of anthropology. This book is highly recommended for those with an interest in the development of anthropology, and it would make for a worthy addition to collections of allied literature. Bronislaw Malinowski.

Home Malinowski, Bronislaw Scientific Theory of Culture (Galaxy Books). Bookseller Inventory GRP90082827. About this title: Synopsis: Malinowski presents in this book his definitive statement of the theory of functionalism. Scientific Theory of Culture (Galaxy Books). Malinowski, Bronislaw. As the essential clue to the understanding of human behavior, primitive and civilized, he analyzes the functional principle that culture is an examination of the fundamentals of anthropology for the purpose of constructing a general system to explain the facts of culture by this principle. Originally published 1944.

A scientific theory of culture. The functional theory. Sir James George Frazer. We’re dedicated to reader privacy so we never track you.

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Read unlimited books and audiobooks on the web, iPad, iPhone and Android. This vintage text contains three essays by Bronislaw Malinowski on the theory of functionalism.

Comments: (4)
Vetalol
I looked forward to reading this as a contributory framework Halliday's SFL work. After reading it (and it did not take long), I could see the connection between Malinowski's work and Halliday's materials. The assertion that culture is a preeminently functional system of needs generation and satisfaction is revelatory. You will enjoy this work if you are at all interested in seeing where Systemic Functional Linguistics gets its foundation. A great companion (or more precisely culminating work) to this is Halliday and Matthiessen's book, Construing Experience Through Meaning. After reading Malinowski, you will see why SFL turned in the directions it did, and still does, and why "Functional" (i.e. satisfying needs both immanent and contingent) systems of meaning remains an "appliable" (I quote this from many SFL works) theory of language and culture.

Excellent, well worth the money.
Xig
despite it is a short book, it brings a quite nice overview of the study of culture ad human behaviour seen as a scientific subject
Beazekelv
B. Malinowski's work constitutes an attempt to put anthropology on a scientific footing.

His theory is very simple: anthropology is the study of the institutions, which are organized to satisfy human biological needs. An example: sex as a basic human need is organized, among other things, by marriage.

His lists of basic human needs and of universal institutional types seem rather arbitrary.

Basic human needs: metabolism (food), reproduction (sex), corporeal well-being (cleaning), security (shelter), activity (games), growth (of offspring), health (medecine).

Universal institutional types: reproduction (marriage), territory (city), physiology (gender), spontaneous associations (secret clubs), profession (sorcerer), upbringing (learning), health (hospital).

Anthropology studies also the functions of the different institutions as well as evolutionary aspects (transformations of institutions).

The author makes also a distinction between basic and secondary (derivative) needs, which are economics, social control, education and political organization.

Every culture has its own specific values, norms, motives and customs.

The author gives every time a brief explanation of the different terms he uses.

Malinovsky has also an important general ethic message: in anthropology all tribes, races or colours are equal.

His analysis is still very topical: missionaries should change their behaviour. The West promised the colonized peoples equal rights, but it refuses to give them a share of world power and wealth and even national liberty.

An essay discusses the works of James Frazer (The Golden Bough), which influenced mightily the theories of Freud. Today, these studies are considered as unscientific, although very interesting.

Malinovski's work has also a very important flaw: he believes that the work of Kropotkin (cooperation) rendered Darwin's theory more or less obsolete. For a clear explanation of the influence of Darwinism on anthropological transformations, I recommend 'Genes, Mind, and Culture' by C. Lumsden and E.O. Wilson.

Although sometimes out-of-date, this work is still a worth-while read.
Yannara
B. Malinowski's work constitutes an attempt to put anthropology on a scientific footing.
His theory is very simple: anthropology is the study of the institutions, which are organized to satisfy human biological needs. An example: sex as a human need is institutionalized, among other things, by marriage.

The author's list of basic needs and of universal institutional types seems rather arbitrary.
Basic needs: metabolism (food), reproduction (sex), corporeal well being (cleaning), security (cloths), activity (games), growth (of offspring), health (medecine).
Universal institutional types: reproduction (marriage), territory (city), physiology (gender), spontaneous associations (secret clubs), profession (sorcerer), upbringing (learning), health (hospitals).

Anthropology studies also the functions of the different institutions as well as evolutionary aspects (transformations of institutions).
The author makes also a distinction between basic and secondary (derivative) needs, which are economics, social control, education and political organization.
Every culture has its own values, norms, motives and customs.

Malinowski gives everytime a brief description of the different terms he uses.

Although more or less out-of-date, this book is still a worth-while read.