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by John W. O'Malley

eBook Trent and All That: Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era download ISBN: 0674008138
Author: John W. O'Malley
Publisher: Harvard University Press (April 30, 2002)
Language: English
Pages: 219
ePub: 1630 kb
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Category: History
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This book is about the problem of naming in early modern Catholicism.

This book is about the problem of naming in early modern Catholicism. It proposes a solution to the problem by arguing that, first, we need to accept the multiplicity of names as a good thing, for each of them captures an important aspect of the reality. Second, for such acceptance to be fruitful, we must apply these names more reflectively than heretofore, careful to indicate precisely what we mean to convey by each of them. In the early nineteenth century, some Roman Catholic writers attempted to fight back with the term "Protestant Revolution," a name that never caught on. Even later, historians began to accept the term "Catholic Reformation.

Trent and All That book. Lastly, he offers a fifth: Early Modern Catholicism

Trent and All That book. Lastly, he offers a fifth: Early Modern Catholicism. O'Malley believes this name encompasses all the others while making room for other periods as varied as the Renaissance, Baroque, Siglo de Oro, and others. Most importantly, O'Malley revels in the diversity implied by the number and significance of the names listed above.

Taking up these questions, John O'Malley works out a remarkable guide to the intellectual and historical developments .

Taking up these questions, John O'Malley works out a remarkable guide to the intellectual and historical developments behind the concepts of Catholic reform, the Counter Reformation, and, in his felicitous term, Early Modern Catholicism. The result is the single best overview of scholarship on Catholicism in early modern Europe, delivered in a pithy, lucid, and entertaining style.

Trent and All That: Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA), 2000.

O'Malley has authored the following books: Giles of Viterbo on Church and Reform: A Study in Renaissance Thought, . Brill (Leiden, Netherlands), 1968. Praise and Blame in Renaissance Rome: Rhetoric, Doctrine, and Reform in the Sacred Orators of the Papal Court, c. 1450-1521, Duke University Press (Durham, NC), 1979. Trent and All That: Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA), 2000. Four Cultures of the West, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA), 2004.

He is the author of Christian Critics: Religion and the Impasse in Modern American Social Thought (Cornell University Press, 2000).

John W. O'Malley since the early 1990s has advocated the use of "Early Modern Catholicism" to identify the "Catholic side" of the Reformation. That is, however, not his primary goal in Trent and All That

John W. That is, however, not his primary goal in Trent and All That. Naming Catholicism in the Era of Reform. com User, April 8, 2004.

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ISBN: 9780674000872; All That – Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era. См. также: Harvard University Press. Похожие книги: all That – Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era. Jw O?malley. all That – Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era от 3216. The LAST volume in the Scott Pilgrim series of graphi. 998 Los Angeles Dodgers season. The 1998 season saw the sale of the franchise from Pet. т 1125. Celtic Christianity's profound understanding that God . Megan has had it with leprechauns.

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Personal Name: O'Malley, John W. Publication, Distribution, et. Cambridge, Mass. On this site it is impossible to download the book, read the book online or get the contents of a book. The administration of the site is not responsible for the content of the site. The data of catalog based on open source database. All rights are reserved by their owners. Download book Trent and all that : renaming Catholicism in the early modern era, John W. O'Malley.

Counter Reformation, Catholic Reformation, the Baroque Age, the Tridentine Age, the Confessional Age: why does Catholicism in the early modern era go by so many names? And what political situations, what religious and cultural prejudices in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries gave rise to this confusion? Taking up these questions, John O'Malley works out a remarkable guide to the intellectual and historical developments behind the concepts of Catholic reform, the Counter Reformation, and, in his felicitous term, Early Modern Catholicism. The result is the single best overview of scholarship on Catholicism in early modern Europe, delivered in a pithy, lucid, and entertaining style. Although its subject is fundamental to virtually all other issues relating to sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe, there is no other book like this in any language.

More than a historiographical review, Trent and All That makes a compelling case for subsuming the present confusion of terminology under the concept of Early Modern Catholicism. The term indicates clearly what this book so eloquently demonstrates: that Early Modern Catholicism was an aspect of early modern history, which it strongly influenced and by which it was itself in large measure determined. As a reviewer commented, O'Malley's discussion of terminology "opens up a different way of conceiving of the whole history of Catholicism between the Reformation and the French Revolution."

Comments: (4)
Sironynyr
John O'Malley begins this book with the observation that Protestantism, "the Reformation," has a name, one that people universally recognize and understand. On the other hand is the Counter Reformation, the Catholic Reformation, the Tridentine Reformation, and so on. What, exactly, is the right name for "the Catholic side"? What do these names even mean? Here, it is not so obvious. Having raised the question, O'Malley introduces his own solution:

"This book is about the problem of naming in early modern Catholicism. It proposes a solution to the problem by arguing that, first, we need to accept the multiplicity of names as a good thing, for each of them captures an important aspect of the reality. Second, for such acceptance to be fruitful, we must apply these names more reflectively than heretofore, careful to indicate precisely what we mean to convey by each of them. Third, we need to add "Early Modern Catholicism" to the list as a more comprehensive designation than the others, a designation that provides for aspects they let slip through their grasp" (5).

Going forward from there, O'Malley traces the historiography of the problem and attempts to demonstrate the validity of his proposal.

In Chapter One, O'Malley reaches all the way back to the eleventh century, when the idea first emerged that the church itself "might be subject to reform and indeed, required it" (16). So it was that terms like reformatio and renovatio were circulated in religious contexts long before the sixteenth century. In time, of course, "the Reformation" came to refer to 1517 to 1555, from Luther's 95 theses to the Peace of Augsburg (19). The term Anti- or Counter Reformation was used for the first time in 1776 by Putter. As he saw things, Reformation meant 1517 to 1555 (again, to the time of the Peace of Augsburg) while the "Counter Reformation" lasted from 1555 to 1648 (that is, to the end of the Thirty Years War).

In the early nineteenth century, some Roman Catholic writers attempted to fight back with the term "Protestant Revolution," a name that never caught on. Even later, historians began to accept the term "Catholic Reformation." The two terms--Counter Reformation and Catholic Reformation--meant different things at different places and times in history. Above all, how those terms were heard had everything to do with the speaker and audience. Thus, for someone like Gustav Droysen, writing in the 1890s, the expression "Counter Reformation" sized up perfectly the essence of what he deemed to be reactionary and repressive Roman Catholicism (29). Coming into the twentieth century, the Catholic historian Pastor proudly used the term "Catholic Restoration." Of course, English Protestants typically preferred "Counter Reformation."

In Chapter Two, "Hubert Jedin and the Classical Position," O'Malley contextualizes the life and work of the twentieth century's great expert on Roman Catholicism during the sixteenth century, especially the Council of Trent. He notes that Jedin's conclusions are so commonly known and accepted that "we never think to challenge the basic construct" (54). Yet, a crucial sentence in Jedin's famous essay of 1946--"The Catholic Reform is the church's remembrance of the Catholic ideal of life through inner renewal, [and] the Counter Reformation is the self-assertion of the church in the struggle against Protestantism"--serves to remind us of how scholars operated in the old school, before the rise of what is called social history (55). Furthermore, the Council of Trent was something short of the "miracle" that Jedin made it out to be. Subsequent historians have observed that things were neither so bleak before Trent, nor so wonderful afterwards. And, not everything that improved within Catholicism after Trent was the result of Trent, as Jedin assumed.

Chapter Three, "England and Italy in Jedin's Wake," begins an exploration of the ways in which Jedin's scholarship on Catholic Reform, the Counter Reformation, and Trent inspired other scholars in various parts of Europe. H. Outram Evennett was Jedin's best-informed discussion partner from England. Unlike Jedin, Evennett did not have access to the resources of the Vatican. Still, he was able to advance the idea that what Jedin had called "Catholic Reform" was "the soul of the Catholic side" of the Reformation. The majority of this chapter focuses on Italy, where a variety of scholars, secular and religious, took up the challenge presented by Jedin's work. What was the essence of what many still called "the Catholic Reformation"? Was it Jedin's "Catholic Reform," or was it the "Counter Reformation"? And what were the sources of these: Trent, the Papacy, or the Jesuits? All of these options assumed causality "from above." But, again, twentieth century historiography turned that emphasis on its head.

The fourth chapter is titled, "France, Germany, and Beyond." O'Malley observes that, compared to English and Italian academics, French scholars came to the question of Jedin's work quite late. Of course, that is because they were busy changing the world. Still, as early as 1929, L. Febvre published a piece in French with the translated title, "A Badly Put Question: The Origins of the French Reformation and the Problem of the Causes of the Reformation." It said that it was ridiculous to assume, as historiography did, that "revulsion at ecclesiastical abuses caused the Reformation" (95). The Reformation was about religious sentiment, said Febvre. To understand it, one has to study religion, not churches. Because he denied that "abuses" were at the root of the Reformation, he took the foundation out from underneath the old Counter Reformation and Catholic Reform. Fifteen years later, Jedin would hardly even take up Febvre's basic question. In addition to Febvre, there were others not connected with the Annales school who took much the same approach.

By contrast, in Germany Jedin became a hero after the appearance of the first two volumes of his Trent, though Protestant scholars paid little attention to him. Later, in 1976, Gottfried Maron attacked Jedin's distinctions between Catholic Reform and Counter Reformation. It seemed like a ploy to make Catholicism look better than it was (107). On a different front, E. W. Zeeden came up with a fresh approach to the period by examining confessions, the various groups that had them (Catholic, Lutheran, Calvinist/Reformed) and how the contents and processes were similar. Scholars in Italy and North America have more recently entered these conversations. By the 1990s, leading European scholars neglected the term "Counter Reformation."

In his Conclusion, O'Malley comes back to where he began. "What's in a name?" He now answers, "Very much, indeed." But, he observes, the names for "the Catholic side" have proliferated through the centuries, raising the question of their usefulness. In addition, "chronological demarcations have proliferated." Given these realities, the author acknowledges that "many of these names are here to stay" but that, often, too much has been claimed for them (120). And so it is that he offers yet another name: "Early Modern Catholicism." O'Malley suggests that this appellation does no damage to what is sublime and wondrous about the historical moment it describes. Moreover, "Catholicism with its sluggish continuities as well as its realities was bigger than what the other names intimate" (143).
Kalv
I had this book for years, and read it from time to time. I underlined what I thought would be relevant, but there is nothing much of interest to a lay reader. It is a super-specialised book, aptly subtitled “Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era”, and that is exactly what this is all about: a book devoted to what is the best term to call what Protestants call the “Counter-Reformation”.

John O’Malley discusses the case for and against alternative names for the “Counter-Reformation”
1. “Catholic Reformation”
2. “Tridentine Reformation”
3. “Confessional Age/Confessional Catholicism”
4. “Early Modern Catholicism”

“Early Modern Catholicism” is the term coined by O’Malley, to distinguish it from “Catholic Reform”, which started before Luther, in the form of Wyclif, Hus, Erasmus and others. As accurate as “Early Modern Catholicism” is, the term has not quite caught on. This entire book is focused on rationalising “Early Modern Catholicism” as the author’s preferred term, which should be adopted. It is too bad “Counter Reformation” has been entrenched by long usage, and that term is nearly impossible to knock off its pedestal, no matter how many times I read this book.

There is little content about what happened at Trent and all that. It reads like a Doctoral Thesis on “A proposal for renaming the Counter Reformation”. There is precious little about Trent and all that.

There are a few pages on what the decrees accomplish, but it is sparse and far from exhaustive. It talks about a grocery list of decrees, and the example I find is the better education of the bishops and pastors, just in passing, without any discussion. There is no discussion on important issues, such as
1. Transubstatiation
2. Interpretation of Scripture
3. Catholic Tradition as a source of authority
4. Necessity of seven sacraments
5. Regulation of Indulgences
6. Empowerment of pope to prohibit literature
7. The Inquisition
8. The Jesuits

None of these subjects were discussed. Would the Reformation have been successful without Martin Luther? Could the Protestant movement have been stopped if Trent was held earlier? None of this is discussed. Much of the book was devoted to critiquing two 20th century historians, Hubert Jedin and Lucien Febvre on their use of nomenclature.

To illustrate my point, a book titled “Paul and all that” should not be a critique of NT Wright’s works nor a thrust to rename justification and sanctification: it should be an overview of Paul. I think the blurbs for this book and academic reviews are written by Professors who already know the issues raised at Trent.

Unless you are a graduate tasked to look at why the Counter Reformation is a bad term (we already know that), this is a highly technical book. If you are an undergraduate student, avoid this book like a plague.

Trent: What Happened at the Council by John O'Malley 2013 is a more relevant book for undergraduate studies..