» » How China Became Capitalist

eBook How China Became Capitalist download

by R. Coase,N. Wang

eBook How China Became Capitalist download ISBN: 1137019360
Author: R. Coase,N. Wang
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 2012 edition (March 20, 2012)
Language: English
Pages: 256
ePub: 1378 kb
Fb2: 1958 kb
Rating: 4.7
Other formats: azw lrf doc lrf
Category: Different
Subcategory: Business and Finance

eBook 58,84 €. price for Russian Federation (gross).

The authors revitalise the debate around the rise of the Chinese economy through the use of primary sources. No student of China or socialism can afford to miss this volume.

by Ronald Coase and Nina Wang.

No student of China or socialism can afford to miss this volume. Richard Epstein, University of Chicago Law School. This book is one of the greatest works in economics and in studies of China, not only for today, but for the future. Chenggang Xu, University of Hong Kong.

Article · January 2012 with 502 Reads. the peasants in the countryside and the unemployed in cities quickly took advantage o. . How we measure 'reads'. In particular, Coase and Wang point out that China has not yet created an active market for ideas. The whole process of creating, spreading, and consuming ideas, from the education system to the media, has remained under tight ideologi- cal control and state surveillance (Coase & Wang, 2012). the peasants in the countryside and the unemployed in cities quickly took advantage of economic freedoms to engage in private enterprise.

Coase and Wang argue that the pragmatic approach of "seeking truth from fact" is in fact much more in line with Chinese culture.

The authors revitalize the debate around the development of the Chinese system through the use of primary sources. Coase and Wang argue that the pragmatic approach of "seeking truth from fact" is in fact much more in line with Chinese culture.

Ronald Coase and Ning Wang.

How China Became Capitalist details the extraordinary, and often unanticipated, journey that China has taken over the past thirty five years in transforming itself from a closed agrarian socialist economy to an indomitable economic force in the international arena. The authors revitalise the debate around the rise of the Chinese economy through the use of primary sources, persuasively arguing that the reforms implemented by the Chinese leaders did not represent a concerted attempt to create a capitalist economy, and that it was 'marginal revolutions' that introduced the market and entrepreneurship back to China. Lessons from the West were guided by the traditional Chinese principle of 'seeking truth from facts'. By turning to capitalism, China re-embraced her own cultural roots. How China Became Capitalist challenges received wisdom about the future of the Chinese economy, warning that while China has enormous potential for further growth, the future is clouded by the government's monopoly of ideas and power. Coase and Wang argue that the development of a market for ideas which has a long and revered tradition in China would be integral in bringing about the Chinese dream of social harmony.
Comments: (7)
A clearly written, penetrating analysis of the transformation of China as both a "top down" and "bottom up" phenomenon. The authors analyse the transformation of China as a series of discovery processes, making some acute observations about the interaction between politics, ideology, history and institutions. Ronald Coase (1991 Nobel memorial Laureate in Economics), who was over a 100 when the book was published, was one of the most intellectually influential economists of the C20th. (Go through his fellow winners of the Nobel memorial Prize in Economics, tick off those whose seminal work was based on Coase's development of the concept of transaction costs; now find any other economist who started publishing in the C20th whose work has led to that many Nobel memorials. Then consider that his work has also been influential outside economics.)

The pragmatism and political cunning of Deng is a key part of the story, but the authors also connect that pragmatism to continuing tendencies in Chinese history and thought. One of the striking observations is that the disagreements between Deng and Chun Yen opened up policy possibilities because there was no settled "line", just an agreed pragmatism. But the authors also examine how much of the story was of people at the margins taking opportunities presented to them also fed into the processes of institutional change.

This book is essential reading if you want to understand why and how China changed so profoundly.
Few scholars have changed the face of economics like Ronald Coase. His work brought a very rare commodity to the economics profession - clarity. His observations, based on empirical evidence and "old-fashioned" fact-finding, have unearthed a body of work that has transformed the way we think about simple, but crucial, facts. The ways individuals and firms organize and his work on property rights had a profound impact on how we comprehend issues from the inner working of organizations to the use of market tools to address environmental problems. On the latter, his work provide the academic underpinning for the establishment of the Acid Rain program in the United States in the early 1990s, which was so successful that it virtually wiped out the problem of acid rain in America.
At a 101 and not a man to avoid challenges, he now braces himself on an issue that many in the West are puzzled by -"How China Became Capitalist". Again, he brings clarity to a confused picture. Without embracing dogmas from either left or right, he traces the history of Chinese reforms from the rise of Deng Xiaoping to the present. In Coase and co-author Ning Wang's recounting and interpretation, we learn about the unleashing of China's experiment with capitalism. Rather than a top-down approach as many believe, the Chinese government fostered competition between cities and provinces; allowed for experiments and pilots to take place in certain sectors, industries and regions. China after Mao had a blank slate from which to experiment. Throughout this, Coase's work on property rights was critical to many Chinese policy makers. It is no coincidence that alongside Marx and Friedman, Coase is one of the most revered Western economists in China.

Coase is the finest of scholars. The Nobel committee (belatedly) understood his contribution as a thought leader, not just a servant of mathematical tools and creator of theorems. Teaching is much about pointing the obvious that surrounds us. That he has always done masterfully and does it again in "How China Became Capitalist". A must-read from anyone interested in economics, and in a clear analysis of Chinese political economy.
When I first toured China (and Chinese industries and collective farms) in the early eighties, the future was uncertain, but hopes of reformers ran high. The messages were confusing and confused. Were there property rights? When would the next backlash against individual initiative begin? This book by Economics Nobel Prize winner (a man who had acquired one-hundred years of wisdom) and his Chinese associate makes it clear that the path from failing socialism to China's economic and cultural resurgence was anything by rationally planned. On the margin, markets emerged and set people free to prosper. On the margin, experiments like Shenzhen - going from fishing village to super-prosperous magnet for the young and enterprising in a few decades – were permitted to flourish. This combined with a non-ideological pragmatism: what worked in creating economic development was accepted by Beijing Centre. The book is insightful in explaining why China's economic renaissance has produced these astonishing results to date. The authors are also correct to point out that copying the ideas and technologies of the West will not carry China to developed-country status. What is needed now is competition in the market of ideas. Will the powerful party elites permit this?
The book could have done with some editing to eliminate repetitions and to meld the contributions of the two authors into a more homogeneous whole. Every now and then it is obvious where the historical detail gives way to fundamental economic teaching by the great Ronald Coase. But these are quibbles. It is a great book and obligatory read if you want to know why and how modern China has emerged, and if you want a dose of solid Austrian economics in action.